Larry Stikeleather


Professional Engineer
  • 919-515-6754
  • View CV

Dr. Larry Stikeleather, has had many outstanding industry and academic research accomplishments. Throughout his career, he has been involved in the area of machine design including studies in the interaction of machines with their human operators. He spent 16 years in industry with Universal Oil Products Company and Allis-Chalmers Corporation, during which his contributions and service were focused on innovations in operator comfort and safety of agricultural equipment. He was actively involved in standards development at the national and international level in the area of operator whole-body vibration and ride comfort.

Stikeleather pioneered and patented a concept for active seat suspension technology, along with on-board computer control, which allowed the commercialization of active seats on agricultural tractors. His work has received 11 patents in a wide range of topics, including active vibration control for seat suspensions for tractors and construction machinery, rapid extraction methods for bioactive compounds from plant material, and biofuels conversion processes. His latest research involves processes for converting renewable oils and fats to “drop-in” transportation biofuels such as bio-gasoline and bio-jet fuel. Funded by the NC Biofuels Center.

For the past 29 years, Stikeleather has been training tomorrow’s innovative engineers teaching program. He most recently taught Analytical Methods in Mechanical Design and Introduction to BAE Methods. He has authored or coauthored more than 90 refereed journal articles, book chapters, conference proceedings, and technical publications.

Stikeleather has contributed his leadership and expertise to various ASABE Society technical committees, including the Textbooks and Monographs and PE Exam review committees. He was an ASABE Distinguished Lecturer in the tractor design series entitled Operator Seats for Agricultural Equipment.

Stikeleather’s previous awards and honors include a Society of Automotive Engineers Techn ical Board Certificate of Appreciation in Recognition of Outstanding Contributions to the ASAE Human Factors Committee, an Acoustical Society of America Certificate of Appreciation for Significant Contributions to ANSI Standards, and ASABE. He received the Wisconsin Section Engineer of the Year Award. For more than 40 years he has been a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers and achieved the grade of Fellow.


Ph.D. 1968

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

NC State University

B.S. 1964

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

NC State University

Research Description

On-farm biofuel production for vehicle use and Mechanical and Biomechanical Systems.

Honors and Awards

  • NC State Innovation and Entrepreneurship Award,
  • ASABE, Fellow,
  • Wisconsin Section of ASAE Engineer of the Year Award,
  • SAE Technical Board Certificate of Appreciation in Recognition of Outstanding Contributions to the SAE Human Factors Comm,
  • Acoustical Society of America Certificate of Appreciation for "Significant Contributions to ANSI Standards,


Comprehensive Evaluation of a Landscape Fabric Based Solar Air Heater in a Pig Nursery
Yu, L., Shah, S. B., Knauer, M. T., Boyette, M. D., & Stikeleather, L. F. (2021), ENERGIES, 14(21).
Evaluation of a novel, low-cost plastic solar air heater for turkey brooding
Poole, M. R., Shah, S. B., Grimes, J. L., Boyette, M. D., & Stikeleather, L. F. (2018), Energy for Sustainable Development, 45, 1–10.
Evaluation of landscape fabric as a solar air heater
Poole, M. R., Shah, S. B., Boyette, M. D., Grimes, J. L., & Stikeleather, L. F. (2018), Renewable Energy, 127, 998–1003.
Performance analysis of a poultry engineering chamber complex for animal environment, air quality, and welfare studies
Shivkumar, A. P., Wang-Li, L., Shah, S. B., Stikeleather, L. F., & Fuentes, M. (2016), Transactions of the ASABE, 59(5), 1371–1382.
Biofiltration of Ammonia and GHGs from Swine Gestation Barn Pit Exhaust
Hood, M. C., Shah, S. B., Kolar, P., Li, L. W., & Stikeleather, L. (2015), Transactions of the ASABE, 58(3), 771–782.
Carbon dioxide system for on-farm euthanasia of pigs in small groups
Rice, M., Baird, C., Stikeleather, L., Morrow, W. E. M., & Meyer, R. (2014), Journal of Swine Health and Production, 22(5), 248–254.
Evaluation of carbon dioxide administration for on-site mass depopulation of swine in response to animal health emergencies
Meyer, R. E., Morrow, W. E. M., Stikeleather, L. F., Baird, C. L., Rice, J. M., Byrne, H., … Styles, D. K. (2014, April 15), JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 244, pp. 924–933.
Experience of breathing carbon dioxide Response
Meyer, R., Morrow, W. E. M., Stikeleather, L., & Styles, D. K. (2014),
pH-induced flocculation, indirect electrocoagulation, and hollow fiber filtration techniques for harvesting the saltwater microalga Dunaliella
Mixson, S. M., Stikeleather, L. F., Simmons, O. D., III, Wilson, C. W., & Burkholder, J. A. M. (2014), Journal of Applied Phycology, 26(4), 1701–1709.
Effect of physical and inhaled euthanasia methods on hormonal measures of stress in pigs
Meyer, R. E., Whitley, J. T., Morrow, W. E. M., Stikeleather, L. F., Baird, C. L., Rice, J. M., … Whisnant, C. S. (2013), Journal of Swine Health and Production, 21(5), 261–269.

View all publications via NC State Libraries

View publications on Google Scholar


Engineered windbreak wall - Vegetative Strip System to Reduce Pollutant and Odor Emissions from Mechanically-Ventilated Broiler and Swine Barns
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)(9/29/14 - 12/31/18)
Low-cost Solar Heater For Poultry Barns
United States Poultry and Egg Association(11/01/15 - 8/01/17)
Novel Solar Heat Storage System
NCSU Research and Innovation Seed Funding Program(1/01/14 - 12/31/14)
Cold Weather Generation of Carbon Dioxide for On-site Mass Depopulation of Swine in Response to Animal Health Emergencies
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)(9/30/13 - 9/29/14)
System to Administer Inhaled Gases for Mass Depopulation of Swine in a National Emergency
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)(9/30/09 - 9/29/13)
Optimizing Cultivation and Conversion Parameters For Efficient Sweet Sorghum Bioethanol
State of North Carolina(5/22/09 - 8/31/13)
EFRI-HyBi Preliminary Proposal: Algal Oils to 'Drop-in' Replacements For Petroleum Transportation Fuels
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/01/09 - 7/31/13)
FFA Decarboxylation Optimization and Scale-Up
Avjet Biotech, Inc.(1/01/11 - 6/30/12)
High-Value Transportation Biofuels From North Carolina Feedstocks
Biofuels Center of North Carolina(6/30/08 - 5/31/10)
On-Farm Biofuel Production From Sweet Sorghum Juice
US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)(3/15/07 - 3/14/08)