François Birgand



Ph.D. 2000

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

North Carolina State University

B.S., M.S. 1994

Agronomic Engineering

Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Rennes, France

Research Description

Biogeochemical processes for ecologically engineered and natural systems; Impacts of land use changes on hydrology and water quality at the watershed scale; Wetland and stream monitoring, restoration and modeling; Continuous sensor development and metrology; UV-vis spectrometry for continuous water quality measurements; Image-based sensors; Evaluation of nutrient load uncertainties at the watershed scale.

Honors and Awards

  • University Faculty Scholar,
  • NC State Kenneth R. Keller Research Award for graduate excellence,


A Review of Data Quality and Cost Considerations for Water Quality Monitoring at the Field Scale and in Small Watersheds
Harmel, R. D., Preisendanz, H. E., King, K. W., Busch, D., Birgand, F., & Sahoo, D. (2023). [Review of , ]. WATER, 15(17).
Aspect ratio and baffles impact hydraulic performance of full-size denitrifying bioreactors
Oliveira, L. A., Dougherty, H., Cooke, R. A. C., Maxwell, B. M., Helmers, M. J., Birgand, F., … Christianson, L. E. (2023), ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING, 189.
High-frequency sensor data capture short-term variability in Fe and Mn concentrations due to hypolimnetic oxygenation and seasonal dynamics in a drinking water reservoir
Hammond, N. W., Birgand, F., Carey, C. C., Bookout, B., Breef-Pilz, A., & Schreiber, M. E. (2023), WATER RESEARCH, 240, 120084.
Quantification of Ammonium Release from an Aging Free Water Surface Constructed Wetland To Improve Treatment Performance
Kamrath, B., Burchell, M., Birgand, F., & Aziz, T. (2023), Journal of Ecological Engineering Design.
Seasonal and tidal variations in hydrologic inputs drive salt marsh porewater nitrate dynamics
Grande, E., Seybold, E. C., Tatariw, C., Visser, A., Braswell, A., Arora, B., … Zimmer, M. (2023), HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES, 37(8).
Effect of Visibility on Maintenance Investment and Consequent Performance of Urban Stormwater Control Measures
Moin, S., Hunt, W. F., Birgand, F., & Ratzlaff, S. (2022), JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE WATER IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT, 8(1).
Field performance of the GaugeCam image-based water level measurement system
Birgand, F., Chapman, K., Hazra, A., Gilmore, T., Etheridge, R., & Staicu, A.-M. (2022), PLOS Water.
High-frequency sensor data capture short-term variability in Fe and Mn cycling due to hypolimnetic oxygenation and seasonal dynamics in a drinking water reservoir
Hammond, N., Birgand, F., Carey, C. C., Bookout, B., Breef-Pilz, A., & Schreiber, M. (2022, November 28). , .
Patterns of long-term variations of nitrate concentration - Stream discharge relationships for a drained agricultural watershed in Mid-western USA
Liu, W., Tian, S., Youssef, M. A., Birgand, F. P., & Chescheir, G. M. (2022), JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 614.
Technical Note: Open-Source Software for Water-Level Measurement in Images With a Calibration Target
Chapman, K. W., Gilmore, T. E., Chapman, C. D., Birgand, F., Mittlestet, A. R., Harner, M. J., … Stranzl, J. E., Jr Jr. (2022), WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 58(8).

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(Farm Bill) Undergraduate Training where Science Intersects Practice and Policy to Address Grand Challenges in Agricultural Water Pollution (REEU-SIPP)
USDA - National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)(9/15/23 - 9/14/28)
Low-Cost Visual Sensing of Stormwater Outlet Flow
NC Department of Transportation(1/01/22 - 12/31/24)
Collaborative Research: Consequences of changing oxygen availability for carbon cycling in freshwater ecosystems
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/18 - 8/31/24)
Hydrological Effects of a Eucalyptus Plantation in Uruguay
Colovade(6/01/19 - 12/31/22)
Building a Smarter Pheromone Trap Network: Development of a Real-time, Infrared Sensor for Corn Earworm Pheromone Traps
NC Soybean Producers Association, Inc.(2/01/19 - 1/31/21)
Improving performance and examining expansion of constructed wetlands for tertiary treatment of nitrogen from domestic and municipal wastewater
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(6/01/18 - 12/31/20)
Design and Implementation of an Innovative Integrated Water management system in Hyde County, NC: Phase I
NC Clean Water Management Trust Fund(2/01/11 - 12/31/20)
Transforming Denitrifying Bioreactor Research and Applications: Unveiling the Inside of the Blackbox
USDA - National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)(6/15/16 - 12/14/20)
Using Smart Control and Real-Time Data Collection to Improve SCM Design and Performance
NC Clean Water Management Trust Fund(10/04/16 - 11/30/20)
Continuing Intensive Monitoring of Nutrient and Material Load in Claridge Nursery Stream ????????????????The Canal???????????????: assessing the water quality impacts & benefits of a stream restoration in the coastal plain
NC Department of Transportation(8/01/16 - 10/31/20)